Tuesday, June 28, 2011

Permaculture Basics: Sectors

Permaculture Sectors
This is another core concept in Permaculture.  A sector is a path of energy into or out of your Permaculture System.  I mean energy in its true sense (not a quasi-spiritual one).  There are many potential energies that can enter and leave your land.  Let's look at a few of them:

Diagram of how the sun moves in each season.
Sun Energy
Consider the path of the Summer Sun and Winter Sun.  The further from the equator you are, the bigger the difference in path, angle, duration, and intensity.  Is your home facing the early morning sun?  Does your garden get the western setting sun?  

Diagram of sea breezes.
Wind Energy
Do you live in an area that has Summer Winds?  Do you have Winter Winds that come from a different direction?  How about a salty sea breeze?  Do you have seasonal storms?  Does the wind always/usually blow from east to west or from south to north?

A home on the water provides unique energy flows.
Water Energy
Do you live on a river, lake, or other body of water?  Do you have a stream or pond on your land?  From which direction does the rain come?  

Fire energy is an important component of planning.
Fire Energy
Do you live in an area that has seasonal fires?  Forest fires?  If so, from which direction would they most likely come?

Deer dining on a square foot garden.
Where do vehicles enter and leave your property?  Do you have trails accessing your land?  Where does wildlife come and go?  Where would a burglar try to enter and leave your property?  These are paths that can carry energy on and off your land.

Great view!
Not quite an "energy", but still important.  If you are always concerned about the neighbors watching you when you are working in your garden or that they can see you while you are standing in your kitchen, then this is psychologically draining.  If every time you walk out your back door, you can see the local shopping center over your low bushes, this ruins a bit of your mood - frankly, to me it would be depressing.  On the other hand, if you walk out your front door and see mountains or a beach or a sunrise over a meadow, that can be a huge benefit.  Don't discount how much a view (positive or negative) impacts your mood and how some privacy can create a stronger sense of peace.

Bad view!

Designing with Sectors
Viewing sectors on a map can be a bit confusing at first.  Just remember that the home is the center of the circle, and all the other sectors radiate out from it.  For example, using the Sector Map below, from the 10:00 position to the 2:00 position is an "Undesirable View..."  (this is also from WNW to ENE if compass readings are your thing).  Some sectors overlap, for instance the direction of the Winter Sun and Summer Sun.

The map below also shows the Permaculture Zones overlaid in shades of yellow and orange.

Sector Map

Sector Design is a vital part of planning your Permaculture System.  Every place is unique, so take some time to consider how energy enters and leaves your location.


  1. Thanks for the awesome and concise overview of sectors. I discovered your blog a couple of weeks ago and have enjoyed trying to catch up on posts I've missed.

    I'm also currently reading through Intro to Permaculture, and the 1st volume of Edible Forest Gardens. Your blog has been an awesome plain language reinforcement of what I'm learning in those.

    Thanks much, and keep up the good work! I'll keep on posting comments when I have the time. :)

  2. Oh, also, fellow TSP listener here.

  3. Those are great books. Glad you like the site! It's a lot of fun!

  4. How dose the food production of a "edible forest " compare to grazing cattle and chickens on zone 8 grass land?

  5. Thanks for this post, John, it's helpful to understand more of how to determine the sectors to draw onto the map.

  6. To add my insight into the broader need much information should I dig, one of his articles, vidio also one of his pictures as I can see on this page, please be able to provide feedback to me.
    At the end of the comment word I say thank you.
    alat bantu sex wanita
    obat kuat pria
    Obat kuat, alat bantu sex pria wanita 18+

  7. Thank you for sharing in this article
    I can learn a lot and could also be a reference
    I hope to read the next your article updates